Archive for the ‘Cancer’ Category
National Day of the child with cancer.
The disease in children is a difficult and harsh reality that continues to put the willies. On 21 December is National Day in Spain over the child with cancer, a disease that today affects 14 of every 100,000 children in our country.
National Day of the child with cancer
Although overall prognosis depends on the type of cancer you have a child, has a survival rate reaching 70%.
The most common tumors occurring in children are those that affect the central nervous system, CNS lymphoma “non-Hodgkin” Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Wilms’ tumor.
For this disease affect a very specific type of population, critical care is even more special because, obviously, its discovery is a major trauma for both parents and children.
In addition to care for oneself, one must provide the family of the patient information, support and assistance to try to keep well, welfare. Furthermore, this disease occur in children, we must ensure their maturational development and education.
In Spain there are several avocaciones of parents of children with this disease. At national level, the Spanish Federation of parents of children with cancer, and regional, others like ADANO in Navarre, Asturias or ANDEX GALBAN in Andalusia.
The childhood cancer occurs in a time course of the person who joins the biological growth and training, which involves added complexity health care.
In general, although the survival rate is quite high, it is true that today the disease, cancer is the leading cause of mortality in the age group from 0 to14 years.
1) Let (as before) smoking. Leaving the snuff causes damage subsides. There is evidence that shortly after quitting, the risk starts to decline, after 10 years without smoking, is reduced by 50% and in successive years
you the chances are decreasing.
2) Keep a good fit. One study showed that those who are physically fit have a lower risk of dying from lung cancer
according to research this disease, even if they are smokers. The key is to do hard sport for 20 or 40 minutes, 3 to 5 times per week.
3) Escape the field. The great city and its pollution favor of lung cancer. Recent studies have linked exposure to very small particles, so as to penetrate the lungs-from cars and industry with an increased risk of contracting the disease.
4) Fruits and vegetables daily. The increase in fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a lower risk of lung tumor. A particular type of flavonoid, quercetin, found in onions and apples, has demonstrated an important effect protectorfrente this particular type of cancer.
5) Meat and fat, keep them at bay. Several recent studies have linked regular consumption closely red meat in general, and fried, in particular, ie saturated fats, with a significantly higher risk of contracting the disease. And the same happens with other foods and lipids derived from the bacon and butter.
Fortunately, early detection of lung cancer is a possibility of cure up to 80%, hence the importance of going to a specialist rably presence of some of its characteristic symptoms. The fact that 90% of cases of lung cancer in smoker’s record leave little room for doubt.
It is shown that cigarette smoke contains chemicals that damage the genetic structure (DNA). This cellular damage is responsible for lung cells to grow out of control, clump together and form tumors. Its incidence at an organic level is such that no matter how much you smoke a day, if only a cigarette, the risk of developing lung cancer is higher than a nonsmoker. And is that you can ensure that snuff is a “deadly weapon.” For example, it has been shown that some 50 chemical compounds found in smoke are carcinogenic.
Nicotine itself has a long history of adverse effects in the body: it produces a kind of addiction with effects similar to those of cocaine and heroin, creates almost total physical and psychological dependence and withdrawal symptoms occur when the body fails to receive it. On the other hand, the common belief that snuffs blonde is softer and less dangerous than black is totally wrong: not only is just as harmful, but also presents more carcinogenic tars.
Those who believed that a person tan and sun exposure caused great benefits to the body, are seriously flawed and that the decrease in the ozone layer, these properties are discarded solar now moving into a product of radiation pollution.
Thus, it concluded that sun exposure can cause spots and the worst the dreaded skin cancer, especially in children who have yet to complete their defenses to deal with these diseases, especially those who have not have met seven years.
One of the main ways of realizing that your child may have melanoma which is skin cancer is the growth of a lunar whereupon the child should be taken immediately to the doctor, with the recommendation to use sunscreens between time periods between 10 am and 4 pm, thus preventing the disease.
It also emerged that only United States 62000 people suffer from this disease and 8 000 people still die because of this, being a major concern for all people to follow the signs to avoid melanoma.
Human papillomavirus, or also known by its acronym HPV, is a group of over 100 different kinds of viruses belonging to the family Papillomaviridae. These viruses are characterized by generating productive infections in the skin and mucous membranes of humans and certain animals.
There are over 200 types of papilloma virus, which most do not cause any disorder or major symptom in people, so that the vast majority of individuals who are infected with HPV do not know. However, the human papillomavirus involves virus that causes warts in both hands as feet.
It also includes the viruses that are transmitted sexually and causes genital warts and other problems such as changes in the cervix of women. On the other hand, some viruses of this sort can produce subclinical infections that in some cases can lead to cancer of the vulva, vagina and anus in women and penile cancer in the year and male.
Recently, the European Commission and the Spanish Drug Agency (Competent Authority) have reported that human papillomavirus vaccine should be extended to 45 years for women.
This vaccine only provided for individuals aged 9 to 26 years, as it was considered that its effectiveness was effective only in that period of time. However, it has been shown that this vaccine is also effective in preventing infections or diseases caused by HPV in women even larger.
F-alcoholism alcohol consumption promotes the development of cancer
the research, based on the analysis of the health of more than one million females, revealed that the appearance of a breast tumor, liver or rectum, is more frequent when number of drinks they ingest.
The study’s authors, British specialists from the University of Oxford, say the type of alcohol, wine, beer or spirits, do not make a difference.
Further indicate that 13 percent of cancer cases in Britain could be attributed to alcohol.
The test supports findings from other studies that say alcohol consumption is linked to cancer of the mouth and esophagus, an enhanced risk in smokers.
First, be considered a nutritious diet rich in fiber. So, eat less red meat and more fish and chicken. As fat intake is suggested to consume those products with monounsaturated and polyunsaturated (olive oil and fish respectively).
Regular exercise, frequent checkups, controlling obesity, alcohol and snuff also help greatly to enhance lifestyle and prevent disease.
Techniques for colon cancer prevention are: digital rectal examination, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, genetic testing, occult blood in faeces (SOH), and barium enema with double contrast. The first is based on a manual physical examination by a specialist. The second and third are similar but are carried out with the aid of lighting, picture tube that is inserted through the anus.
Both the fourth and the fifth recorded in studies of blood. Finally, the sixth method consists of X-rays of the colon and rectum after an enemy.
According to the severity of the condition, apply one or other treatment. The most common for colon cancer are surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy.
Breast cancer is a major cause of mortality in women worldwide, as it can affect anyone regardless of social status or health status, and that if cancer cells are inside the body and depended on food that goes into action and produce this terrible wrong.
But in addition to that, now a study shows that using antiperspirant deodorants can cause further development of breast cancer as well as these contain chemicals that would more easily develop the dreaded disease causing cancer cells.
Scientists have detected the presence deodorants aluminum, resulting in ninety percent of cases the dreaded breast cancer, since this chemical is high toxic and affects the body and is suitable for the appearance of cells cancer, which is certainly a clever way to prevent the population of the dreaded evil, as not only women suffer from breast cancer, but also the men, but in smaller cases.
Doctors recommend a healthy diet and added exercise to non-use of these products, and to lead a quiet life and have no surprises for this dreaded disease.
However, a group of researchers from the Institute of Cancer Research UK conducted a discovery that could prevent metastization of cancer throughout the body.
The study used mice with breast cancer and found that the metastasis was produced by the production of an enzyme identified as LOXL2. This enzyme allowed the cancer cells reach the bloodstream and be distributed throughout the body.
But with the implementation of a number of antibodies and chemicals managed to block the work of LOXL2 and distribution of breast cancer stopped. This finding is critical because it would help produce a drug that prevents the spread of cancers in the body.
The liver is the largest organ of the human body without the skin, located below the ribs on right side of the abdomen.
Among its main functions include filtering the blood and toxic waste disposal, and the manufacture of enzymes that help digest food, converting them into substances needed for the proper functioning of the body. Some nutrients have to be chemically modified (metabolized) in the liver before the rest of the body can use as an energy source.
The liver produces some of the clotting factors that prevent the blood is too thin and also secretes bile to the intestine to help absorb nutrients.
The liver is divided into three lobes, the right, the left and a smaller one called square, which in turn are subdivided into segments. Unlike most other organs of the body receives blood from two sources.
The hepatic artery supplies the liver with blood rich in oxygen while the portal vein carries nutrient-rich blood from the intestines. All blood from the digestive tract through the liver before it reaches the rest of the body, making it a sort of ‘office’ from the outside world.
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