Archive for the ‘Dental Care’ Category
Flossing is a mandatory supplement for good dental cleaning and children should get used to using it very young, after a good brushing.
To floss follow these steps:
1. Break off about 50 cm of floss and wind most of one of the middle fingers.
2. Wrap the rest of the thread on the same finger of the opposite hand. This finger can go collect the floss as it is being used.
3. Tighten a piece of about 2 to 3 cm of floss using the thumbs and index fingers.
4. Enter the floss between teeth using a gentle sawing motion.
5. When the floss reaches the gumline, curve it into a C shape against one tooth and gently slide it into the space between the gum and tooth until you feel resistance. Never apply violently against the gums.
6. Rub the floss against the tooth to remove food debris and plaque.
7. Repeat these operations with the rest of the teeth, using a clean piece of floss for each.
The teeth and surrounding structures are more susceptible than we think to infection. With proper hygiene can be better protected from the bacteria that attack our teeth and gums.
The periodontium comprises the tissues that surround and protect the teeth. These tissues include the gums, the bone around the tooth (called alveolar bone), periodontal ligament and cementum.
A healthy gingiva is pink, has an elastic consistency and appearance of orange peel. In a healthy tooth gum come to embrace the neck of the tooth, which is the union between the crown and root.
The bone under normal conditions reaches 1-1.5 mm below the insertion of the gum.
Periodontal diseases are infections caused by periodontal bacteria. At first there is an inflammation or gingivitis. If it evolves, there is tissue loss that makes the teeth lose their support and fall. This is what is known as periodontitis.
1. Gingivitis Periodontal Disease
It is an inflammation of the gums that is caused by the existence of bacteria which, in turn, cause an infection.
The gum is swollen, red and bleeds easily or spontaneously at the slightest touch. Although sometimes changes color and appearance are not very obvious, the dentist will detect by dental probing.
It heals spontaneously, and should be treated by removing the bacteria. Then the symptoms disappear and are not sequels.
If untreated, this condition can be maintained as such days, months or years without changes. However, many people producing gingivitis can progress to periodontitis.
This is what was formerly known as pyorrhea. To produce a previously periodontitis must have gingivitis.
Bacteria affect the gum, are introduced under it and gingivitis becomes periodontitis.
Periodontitis causes an irreversible destruction of tissue that starts with a receding gums, with the destruction of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone eventually also, making the tooth loses its support and end up falling.
The dentist at the clinic can see the infection, which forms a pouch known as periodontal pocket.
We now know that there is a genetic predisposition to the disease. However, there are factors that favor its appearance and worsening as poor hygiene, tartar, snuff, stress and trauma in one or teeth would look excessive force on them during chewing.
To slow its progression the dentist will give instructions for proper dental hygiene, and perform a subgingival or periodontal surgery.
We will also need to eliminate the factors that favor the occurrence of the disease, avoiding smoking, managing stress and revising were poorly positioned teeth and who may be receiving more adequate force.
Recent studies have impacted on the preventive role of calcium in the progression of periodontal disease. An inadequate supply of calcium is not only related to the onset of osteoporosis, but with the loss of bone at the jaw, especially alveolar bone and attachment loss of teeth.
An adequate intake of calcium is critical in relation to dental health, so that numerous studies have found improvements in inflammatory processes and mobility of the teeth of patients suffering from gingivitis after increasing calcium intake.
Thus, increased calcium intake in people with periodontal disease, not only helps in the fight against osteoporosis, but also improves this type of pathology.
Dear mother her newborn has been examined by a pediatrician and has given all indications for care. So far we agree with the physician.
But in these lines tell you how to avoid future dental problems your child when the child is 6 months old that will appear in the lower jaw edges of the lower incisors, are shaped like saw. In this period the child is extremely fussy and irritable, often have fever and drooling (abundant saliva and drooling is constant). This period usually lasts one to two weeks.
It helps to have the child chew on a soft object (teething ring) to accelerate the process. As the process is painful and uncomfortable for the child, many doctors say xylocaine gel colleagues, to move into the affected area, the experience shows that the method is of doubtful effectiveness, we do not aconcejamos. If the child has a fever the use of aspirin or paracetamol is sufficient and is indicated by the dose and interval voluntary accurate.
The use of antibiotics in this period should be indicated by the practitioner, usually in most cases not necessary.
So far, we discussed the indications at the time of the eruption. At this time the little boy has his first tooth is the duty of parents to care for oral hygiene of the child.
The child does not know itself cleanses the mouth, is the mother who should do it. With a small brush head and handle adult and a fluoride solution in drops is enough to remove plaque that forms on the tooth surface.
The method is simple, dip the bristles of the brush with two or three drops of fluoride solution, and brush your child’s teeth gently horizontally from right to left, all tooth surfaces.
This procedure must be performed every 24 hours, and should be started as a game for the child; do so, it generates a habit in the child’s future behavior.
Another issue to consider is the child’s diet. Refined sugars such as candy, soda, candy, should not be available to the child.
It is the family who must agree to keep your intake of sugars low sugar four times a day. It is known as sugar when every time the child eats a sweet substance either candy or a sugary soda drink.
Never sweeten a pacifier for the child. Here the views of all colleagues is removing the pacifier go slowly when the first tooth erupts. This improves the shape of the dental arch, preventing future orthodontic problems.
You should replace refined sugars by natural sugars, such as fruits and vegetables in season.
The hygiene of the teeth is very important since our children are toddlers. We must be alert and know how to proceed both in hygiene and in dental education from the beginning.
Before the eruption of teeth, jaws rims clean with gauze or a clean soft cloth wrapped around his finger. This practice may continue until the appearance of the first four teeth. May then be made with latex finger cots or small brushes for children.
The best place for oral hygiene is the place where diapers are changed typically after the bath to incorporate oral hygiene to the rest of the body.
From 9 to 12 months and eight anterior teeth erupted and as the dentition is complete chewing cycle stabilizes. When the upper and lower teeth meet, the muscles of the jaws begin to learn new roles, the first movements are irregular as seen during the first etadío of any motor skill.
From 12 to 24 months continues the development and maturation of the masticatory system to be completed within 30 months with the presence of 20 teeth in the mouth.
Avoid foods containing high percentage of carbohydrates, and that adhere to teeth and are slow release. Oral hygiene in this period without toothpaste is enough to wet the brush with water. The most important cleaning is carried out before bedtime.
From 2 to 5 years the child completed his teeth and all care will focus on prevention and early diagnosis of dental diseases and disorders in the masticatory system that prevent the normal growth and development of the jaws.
The child used to enter the toothbrush hygiene habit to six years but the brushing should be completed by parents or responsible adults, they do not have enough motor skills to make a correct elimination of microbes attached to the teeth.
After 3 years, if not swallow toothpaste fluoride toothpaste can be used that have proven anticaries action. Brush should be placed in a very small amount is enough a similar amount to the size of a lentil.
Current trends in the use of fluoride in caries prevention focus on local application of fluoride toothpastes in the form of daily use, daily or weekly rinses and professional screening according to patient risk. The use of fluoride supplements in the absence of fluoride intake in drinking water is reduced to its local action in cases of children at high risk of dental disease.
It is vital to follow these steps to create good habits in our children and avoid future problems like tooth decay and diseases peritonales ..
Hygiene in these cases has to be special and rigorously to stop this disease that can lead to the loss of our teeth.
Hygiene in these cases must take special care because their cause is infection caused by bacterial plaque.
There will be regular brushing, proper dental hygiene proper, ie brush and toothpaste and rub on all sides of the teeth.
In the case of periodontal disease exists, the brush should be placed so that the strands form an angle of 45 degrees to the tooth surface, supported between the gum and the tooth, in which space (gingival sulcus) should be entered lightly.
The following minimum circular movements are performed and / or lateral sway. Then place the brush at the same angle but now on the gum and the bristles are rotated toward the edge of the tooth.
The interproximal brush, an ally
Interproximal brushes are used when there is space between the teeth, either because it has lost a piece or loss of alignment or dental rotations. They are used in place of dental floss to ensure the cleanliness of the sides of the teeth.
In cases of advanced periodontal disease will be gaps between the teeth in the area once was covered by the gum. These gaps are too large for your flossing alone is effective, so it is necessary to use the interproximal brush.
An osseointegrated implant is an artificial element that is placed into the jawbone in order to restore missing teeth and that osseointegration. Osseointegration is defined as the direct binding, both functional and structural link between the living bone and implant surface under load.
Osseointegrated implants are indicated in cases of partial and complete desdentación. There are few absolute contraindications considered for the use of implants such as pregnancy, granulocytopenia, corticosteroids maintained, uncontrolled diabetes, hemophilia, osteoradionecrosis, chronic renal failure, etc..
Not all patients can receive osseointegrated implants.
A good history and a thorough examination and radiological orofacial are essential before starting the technique of implant placement.
Most of the techniques has a first-stage surgery consisting of insertion of the implant looking at four key principles:
* Infertility, osseointegrated implants
* Milling careful
* No pollution, and
* Initial implant stability.
The second surgical stage is performed once the time has elapsed (months) for osseointegration to occur, and it proceeds to the connection of transepithelial abutments. Once the healing is at the moment in which the implant is ready to begin the placement of the prosthesis.
Complications are rare and are divided into immediate and mediate (secondary or delayed).
Immediate complications include: bone fractures, tuberosity, sinus or nasal floor or mandibular, lacerations, bleeding, soft tissue injuries, nerve injuries, displacement of the implant, submucosal emphysema, broken instruments, broken fillings, or dentures neighboring and so on.
Mediate complications include: infections (osteitis, abscess, osteoradionecrosis, cellulitis, trismus, sinusitis, etc.), hemorrhagic (local or general cause), mucositis and peri; general (bacteremia, sepsis, glomerulonephritis, or hyperthyroid hyperglycemic crisis, decompensated heart, hepatitis, etc).
The purpose of an implant is to support the restoration of one or more missing teeth. Implantology has become one of the most advanced aesthetic techniques in the field of dentistry.
A dental implant is nothing more than the replacement of the tooth root, a small root-shaped device that is placed into the jawbone to support a prosthetic tooth (crown). As Dr. Ivan Flores Apaza, dentist, implant specialist in aesthetics, “the implants are made of titanium: material compatible with living tissues. One of the most important advantages of the implant is that it does alter the structure of neighboring teeth to maintain fixed to the new “crown to hold a lifetime”.
Dental caries, trauma or severe periodontitis (gum disease) are some of the situations that can cause tooth loss and affect maxillary bone support. In these cases a lasting, healthy option is to place an implant to replace the missing tooth (or in the alternative, replace a bridge).
Removable or fixed prostheses
Each implant is designed to hold a tooth. In cases where the patient has lost some or all teeth, placement of the number of implants will determine whether to place the prosthesis is movable or not. As Dr. Flowers, “with eight to six implants into the jaw bone, one can reach and maintain in a permanent fixed full arch of teeth (12 to 14 teeth). If we put only two or four implants in the jawbone, the prosthesis is placed movable, ie, it will be a prosthesis that the patient can remove it at any time.
According to him, “the most important advantage of the prosthetic implant versus conventional prostheses (those whose only support the edge of the gums), is the retention and stability they provide. The implant patients feel like part of his ; can laugh, yawn, cough or eat any food with absolute confidence that the prosthesis will remain fixed at its base. ”
Replacing a single tooth
When we talk about the loss of a single tooth implant use is a functional and aesthetic alternative to the first order. Functional say, because the implant completely replaces the tooth root. “Once in place and the course of months, the bone surrounding the implant is regenerated to maintain its natural structure and function that ensures proper fixation and stability to withstand masticatory forces as natural teeth do,” says Dr . Flowers.
Implant placement is the first phase of the cosmetic procedure. The second part consists of placing the crown on dental implant, ie the visible part of the tooth. (Remember that the tooth is formed by a visible part called the crown and one not see inserted into the jaw bone and is known as root).
It is characterized by complete dentures and root fibromucosa coat, teeth or implants prepared for this purpose. There are different restraints on the roots (usually root canals) and metal caps, retentive devices, telescopic crowns, bar magnets, and so on.
The overdenture is indicated, when the remaining teeth can not withstand a conventional fixed or removable restoration when there is an extreme desdentación with one or two teeth remaining in good condition in special cases of oligodontia microdontia amelogenesis imperfecta, etc.
A history, examination and diagnosis, and aseptic measures are essential standards for the conduct of an overdenture on implants. After placement of osseointegrated implants and their preparation are done making prints with the right material. In the laboratory performing the prosthetics and attach the required retention elements, which are then tested in the mouth, fit and finish. In general you have to make several adjustments after placement.
The overdenture can be broken into its basic structure so care must be taken in handling and cleaning, and must retire at night. The implants and retentive attachments should be checked periodically. The patient with an overdenture on implants should be followed up in the dental office with periodic reviews.
Some people ask themselves about what it would feel to have a sport car, or business empire, or a huge family. But you ask yourself of what it would feel to have a perfect smile, a smile that when you give it to other people, they would be attracted and simply love your smile. You do not have this treasure due to your dental condition. First it is the tooth structure that is bad, and next is the condition that is also bad. You need Dr Richard Van Gurp to help you deal with such a problem.
The reason why you want to choose Dr Richard as your dentist is because you want to have someone professional and experienced to solve your problem. You do not want to make it worse, just because some unprofessional hand handles your case. With dentist in charlotte, you are offered a hundred of different methods that you can have to bring back the teeth and make your imagination come true.
There are some healthy dentistry method and some are cosmetic dentistry methods such as whitening and porcelain crown. For sure you will have a perfect and flawless smile once you perform the method in charlotte cosmetic dentistry and do a thorough treatment to your teeth, because by maintaining the teeth well, you will be able to avoid the same condition from happening again.