Archive for the ‘Diabetes’ Category
* Low-fat or skim Foods such as dairy, lean meats, skinless visible.
* Foods rich in omega 3 oils such as canola, olive oil, sunflower oil, etc…
* Foods rich in fiber such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, seeds and nuts (these foods are chosen according to their Glycemic Index).
* Soft drinks, water, red wine (no more than 2 drinks per day), diet soda, unsweetened juice concentrates.
While these foods can help treat high cholesterol and diabetes, it is important that you consider the count of total carbohydrate to distribute them throughout the day; respecting the medication you are taking or applying yourself.
Finally, medical issue will determine the type of medication you should take, as there are medications that combine statins and fibrates together statins and fibrates or separately. Both drugs used to treat hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia.
In the case of honey, the food consumption is not advised for people suffering from diabetes, which can raise blood sugar. This is because honey has a high glycemic index (between 80 and 90). Its main components are simple carbohydrates that enter the blood rise in blood sugar.
On the other hand the latest research indicates that treating hypercholesterolemia is important to control the consumption of simple sugars. So honey is not recommended for lowering cholesterol, as this sometimes forms because the excess sugar in the body becomes fat.
As for the cinnamon, this if you have cholesterol-lowering properties, so if you want to use it as a natural remedy to complement your medical treatment, you can choose to make other recipes, such as cinnamon tea.
If you want you can substitute honey for leaves of stevia plant (plant with glucose-lowering properties). Remember that any doubt, you should consult your doctor.
unfortunately diabetes has become a major problem in recent years. With this disease many lives are lost, facilitates the worsening of other diseases when it’s something that would be enough to prevent it.
Lately it has been hearing the most famous diet of Spain; the Mediterranean diet is very beneficial to guard against diabetes. And it seems that the EU is aware of and takes action. Here are some of the foods that contribute to the smooth functioning of our body, in all aspects:
* The basis of the Mediterranean diet is olive oil, which abounds in Europe, mainly in Spain and Portugal, so if you have a chance to cook with it, we are approaching.
* Another is the consumption of undercooked, peppers, eggplant, beets and others like zucchini, are good allies.
* The wine, in moderation, is also beneficial, so eating it is lunch or dinner rather than agreed. But mostly, we see how almost impossible to overeat or abuse of the rehash.
* Finally, and dairy products such as cheese and yogurt are popular almost natural. This is, of course, we can follow for the sake of our health.
So you know, find out properly to prevent a disease that is spreading sadly several European countries.
Type 2 diabetes is a dangerous disease. May cause heart and kidney disease, blindness and many other health problems. Until a cure is found, people with this disease have to do what they eat, measure your blood sugar and take medication every day. Fifty-seven million people in the U.S. have pre-diabetes, and many more are in danger of being able to endure it.
Pre-diabetes occurs when blood glucose levels are above normal but not high enough to be in the diabetic range. However, people with pre-diabetes and are at increased risk of heart disease and other complications. You are at risk of moving from pre-diabetes to type 2 diabetes if:
- You are overweight
- You have a family history of diabetes
- If you are over 45 years
- Have you had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)
- You have high blood pressure or cholesterol
Remember that small changes produce large benefits. The pre-diabetes and therefore type 2 diabetes often can be prevented. Different studies have shown that reducing your body weight by 5-10% can reduce your risk in half. Weight loss can also delay the onset of diabetes.
The key to stop type 2 diabetes is to achieve a healthy weight Read the rest of this entry »
The patients with diabetes should limit the introduction of sugar and carbohydrates in general. Mild cases can be treated only with diet, although many patients must take anti-diabetic drugs as well .. The principle is based on which the diabetic diet is to reduce the intake of carbohydrates and, if necessary, to get the total number of calories with an additional protein. Once we know the total daily amount of carbohydrate that is allowed, usually 180-200 g, the patient may develop its own diet: a doctor can give him a list of different foods to be taken as an alternative and thus enable to vary the diet. Bearing in mind the maximum daily quota permit, any diabetic can thus establish his daily menu.
A sample menu:
- 14 grams of pasta
- 12 grams of rice (boiled absolutely)
- 60 g boiled potatoes
- 50 g fresh beans
- 60 g fresh peas
- 20 g bread
- 15 oz sticks
- 60 g cream Read the rest of this entry »
On October 5 recalls the heroic act of Alkies Daniel Carrion, inoculated to immolate them the seeds of the Peruvian wart. This act shows the level of killing a doctor at the grave situation faced by workers who built the Central Railroad, victims of a disease whose cause was unknown.
Today, medicine has a role in prevention and promotion in all its branches. This is very important to understand because it is known that diseases have a clear social base on which the conditions at one side of the misery of the people exposed to sick from lack of proper sanitation, no water and sewer, essentially and low wages, malnutrition and overcrowding on the other hand the lack of information about health in general.
One of the most neglected branches of medicine is psychiatry, including mental health knowledge. That health is a whole, a total reality, you understand, didactically that there are two parts, the physical and mental, and the latter is the more ignorance.
That is why; on this day is fair and necessary to highlight the plight of mental health, which is the Peruvian people, which has been considered an epidemic by the WHO. True, it extends to everyone, but in our country is made more acute by the fact that there are physical ailments and add them and the mental deficiency in a large state in terms of budget for all health care in general and more limited in terms of mental health.
It is important, as demanded by the WHO to include mental health in the national health plan and be given all necessary resources to protect citizens.
This is an urgent task, because it is related to national development and especially the most important social capital, which is human health.
And on 7 April, World Day of Medicine, 2001, WHO dedicated it to disclose its report on the reality of mental health in the world, just and urgent it is to take on 5 October, day of national medicine, should be devoted to reflection on this issue so serious that we are living in XXI century. Society is important because the issues known, and suffer greatly and there is no adequate response from the state.
In its introductory paragraph, the Code of Ethics of the Medical College of Peru, clearly states that the physician can not remain indifferent to the reality of his patient, and the Hippocratic Oath, in one of his most important statements said … priming, I will not be new … first do no harm. That is, to be attentive to the patient’s problems and do no harm.
Diabetes Type 2 : What is it?
Diabetes Type 2 occurs when the body becomes unable to regulate blood sugar, that is to say, the rate of glucose or sugar in the blood. This disease affects more adults who are obese or overweight.
In a person with type 2 diabetes, blood glucose remains above normal values. In the long term, if blood glucose is lowered by treatment, it can cause serious health problems.
This chronic disease requires a personalized treatment and close monitoring by the individual and the medical team. The healthy lifestyle are the mainstay of treatment. If needed, medicines can be used. Since insulin injections are rarely necessary, it also gives him the name of diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), as opposed to type 1 diabetes.
The number of people with type 2 diabetes has increased rapidly worldwide over the last decade and continues to do so. In Canada, in 2008, 8.6% of people aged 45 to 64 years reported having been diagnosed with diabetes, compared to 6.8% in 2003. In the 65 years and older, the prevalence increased from 13.5% in 2003 to 16% in 2008. It is estimated that type 2 diabetes accounts for at least 90% of cases of diabetes.
The type 2 diabetes usually occurs after the age of 40 years, but now reaching more and more children and adolescents.
The diet rich in fat and sugar and a sedentary lifestyle are factors that contribute most to this phenomenon because they cause excess weight. Over time, accumulation of fat in organs causes insulin resistance. This resistance to insulin is the first step toward type 2 diabetes.
You should know that insulin is the “key” that allows the muscles and liver, for example, absorb glucose (sugar), a major source of energy. In a person resistant to insulin, the key not working well or at all. Thus, glucose remains in the blood and the blood sugar rises gradually. Insulin is secreted by the pancreas. At first, to compensate for this resistance to insulin, the pancreas begins to produce more. However, over time, the pancreas becomes exhausted. Consequently, insulin secretion decreases and, in some cases, cease altogether.
Diabetes type 2 is the result of two phenomena: first, resistance to insulin, then the exhaustion of the pancreas.
As type 2 diabetes is not accompanied by symptoms in its early days, we often discovered incidentally during a routine medical examination.
Tests of blood glucose can be detected: a test of fasting plasma glucose or random and, sometimes, a glucose tolerance test. This test is a blood sugar reading 2 hours after ingesting a sweet juice containing 75 g glucose.
Even if results are normal, it is usually recommended to take these tests at regular intervals to detect the disease early.
For information on the acute complications (hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, caused by the adjustment of the treatment of hyperglycemia hyperosmolar syndrome in diabetic untreated), see our fact sheet Diabetes (Overview).
In the long term, many diabetics see their health deteriorate because of their illness, especially if the diabetes is not well controlled and monitored. High blood sugar is chronically particular cause of irreversible vision loss, pain due to nerve damage, heart disease and kidney failure. For more information, please visit our page Complications of diabetes.
Initially, the affected person has no or few symptoms. It is therefore an insidious form of diabetes may go unnoticed for years. Some people may experience symptoms caused by hyperglycemia, which while similar to those of type 1 diabetes.
* An increased urination, especially at night. The kidneys produce more urine to try to eliminate the excess glucose in the blood.
* Increased thirst and hunger.
* Weight loss.
* Excessive fatigue, which is noticeable especially after meals.
* Blurred vision.
Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a disorder of glucose metabolism, which disrupts the storage and use by the body of this fuel for energy. This disorder is the result of a failure, partial or complete pancreas to synthesize insulin or an inability of cells to use insulin to absorb glucose. As it is poorly absorbed by the cells, glucose accumulates in the blood and cause hyperglycemia (increased blood concentration of glucose). The cells were deprived of their primary energy source, it follows necessarily important physiological consequences.
Glucose is an essential source of fuel for the body. It comes from two sources: food rich in carbohydrates that we ingest and liver (which stores glucose after a meal and empties into the blood as needed). Once extracted from food by the digestive system, glucose enters the bloodstream. For the body’s cells can use this vital energy source, they need the intervention of a hormone called insulin, which is synthesized by the pancreas. Insulin allows glucose to move from the blood into cells to play its role of fuel. This is the starting point of the normal metabolism of glucose.
The main types of diabetes
* Type 1 : Also called “diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile diabetes, the type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas stops producing insulin or does not produce enough due to a virus attack or toxic or Following an autoimmune reaction that destroys the beta cells of the body, which are responsible for the synthesis of insulin. This type of diabetes is reaching especially children and young adults, although the incidence in adults appears to be growing, which makes the somewhat antiquated term “juvenile diabetes”. It affects approximately 10% of diabetics.
* Type 2 : Often referred to as the names of “non-insulin dependent diabetes or” adult-onset “diabetes type 2 is characterized by the fact that the body becomes resistant to insulin. This problem usually occurs in people over 40 years, but here the incidence is growing rapidly among young people. This type of diabetes, by far the most common, affecting almost 90% of diabetics.
* Gestational Diabetes : Is any diabetes that occurs during pregnancy, usually during the second or third quarter. Gestational diabetes is temporary and disappears shortly after birth, but can cause complications for both mother and child. The relevance of its detection and its treatment is questioned by some.
There is another form of diabetes, diabetes insipidus. A rare disease caused by insufficient production of antidiuretic hormone called vasopressin. Diabetes insipidus accompanied by an increased flow of urine (urine very dilute), while blood glucose remains quite normal. Thus, it has nothing to do with diabetes mellitus. It’s called “diabetes” insipid, because as in diabetes mellitus, urine flow is abundant. However, urine is insipid rather than sweet (the term comes from the old methods of diagnosis: the taste of urine).
In the long term, people with diabetes who have inadequate control of their disease risk various complications, mainly because a prolonged hyperglycemia causes tissue damage of blood capillaries and nerves, and a narrowing of the arteries.
These complications do not affect all diabetics, and when they do, it is very different degrees.
Apart from the chronic complications, poorly controlled diabetes (omission or miscalculation of doses of insulin needs suddenly change in medication due to illness, stress, etc..) Can cause severe illness need to know recognize.
It is a condition that can be fatal. In people with type 1 diabetes untreated or receive inadequate treatment (lack of insulin, for example), the glucose stays in the blood and is no longer available for use as an energy source. The organization should replace another fuel, fatty acids. However, the use of fatty acids produces ketones, which in turn increase the acidity of the body, a condition that causes severe symptoms requiring intensive care emergency.
Symptoms : A fruity breath, dehydration, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Without intervention, difficulty breathing, a state of confusion, coma and death can occur.
How to detect : the presence of ketones in the urine (4 mmol / l to 16 mmol / l or 70 mg / dL to 290 mg / dl) and high capillary blood glucose (usually around 20 mmol / l ( 360 mg / dl) or higher).
When type 2 diabetes is not treated, hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome may occur. This is a true medical emergency that is fatal in more than 50% of cases. This condition is caused by the accumulation of glucose in the blood, sometimes up to 35 mmol / l (630 mg / dl).
Symptoms : increased urination, intense thirst and other symptoms of dehydration (weight loss, loss of elasticity of the skin, dry mucous membranes, rapid heartbeat and low blood pressure).
How to detect : a capillary blood glucose exceeds 20 mmol / l (360 mg / dl) (there are no ketones in the urine).