Archive for the ‘Hypertension’ Category
While not clarify what type of diabetes you have your father, it is important to control the amount of carbohydrates to consume and that most in the form of fiber. Organic substances not only help treat diabetes, but lower cholesterol and reduce blood pressure. To achieve this it is important to prepare recipes that contain seeds, grains and vegetables as chia vegetarian rice, spinach with sesame or oriental spaghetti.
It is also advisable that the diet of a diabetic with hypertension and hypercholesterolemia contains omega 3, which can be found in foods such as fish, nuts, and vegetable oils (canola, olive, soybean). Examples of these foods are fish with sesame tomato paste, mushrooms and nuts. Remember not to use oil as cooking medium, only as a condiment.
Keep in mind that in order to adapt these recipes to hypertension that is your father, do not add salt to your food as you prepare. You can only seasonings once preparations are done and according to the degree of hypertension may have. In lieu of salt you use herbs and spices that will give a different taste and very nice.
Another point to consider is to control the count of total carbohydrates in the diet, to achieve the glycemic index chart can help guide and choose those foods with a lower index.
These foods are an example of the possible combinations you can do to control hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and diabetes.
Stress can raise your blood pressure by accelerating your heart rate. But this is a temporary state. It allows you to respond to threats, causing the so called struggle. Many experts say that stress causes permanent increase in blood pressure or hypertension. Stress can cause your blood pressure to rise, but this return to normal levels once the source of the stress disappears.
A surprising number of events have been found to be capable of increasing blood pressure. Researchers have found evidence that regular increases in blood pressure do any damage to blood vessels or organs. So working in a stressful environment, playing sports on a grueling all day does not cause hypertension.
But remember that there is the so-called positive stress, without which it could not have survived as a species. Positive stress helps us to move forward in life looking for a good performance, whether the advance creative and productive. Is that adds excitement to our lives. The rapid stress response helps us to survive the threats to our life, how to avoid an accident by a quick reaction, or flee from an attacker.
The goal is not to eliminate the positive stress, but learning how to handle it and using it to help us. Excessive stress on the other hand, can leave us feeling exhausted and anxious. We must find the balance with an optimal level of stress that motivates us individually but do not get overwhelming.
The science shows that man is a subject of learning, namely that man is born, as an individual of the human species must learn to become a human being and person. A man unlike animals, has two sources of information, on the one hand, like animals, has a large genetic information, but differs from these because it is also a social information, which is all he has created man throughout history and whose source is the society, which is why humans are the only creature of nature to be such, have to internalize everything furan him in society, i.e. must learn, must study, they have to teach, for it is the school. Said of an extreme and hypothetical, that if all men disappeared from the society, children, at least those who have not learned to talk, never is able to reach a human being or form their psychological makeup and personality.
Pavlov has shown that man has two sets of signals to learn: on the senses and the latter, the most important is the word with the man she internalizes all the external, because everything, every object in society has a name, a word and has a thought. Learning is an active process that requires external actions and internal. Today they say that the wealth of a country is in the knowledge of its people.
Countries such as Finland, Norway, Sweden, favor the education of its population and thus have created a welfare society in which health and education is an essential human right.
All this shows that those opposed to learning a child is committing a crime against humanity. The man has 180 billion neurons, and each has the potential to interact with other five, which gives an equivalent brainpower to a number of over 9.7 million miles. This means that man is determined to develop reaching higher levels going from the information, knowledge to the summit of wisdom.
Not anyone who is opposed to the education of a child what is influencing the deterioration and achieving that will be reaching your goal as a whole human being.
All Charters of civilized nations, clearly indicate the right of citizens to study and do it free and universal. The state must guarantee this supreme right and therefore must punish those who oppose him.
As noted by Cesar Vallejo, “we are entitled to be happy and enjoy life, but we do have a scientific and comprehensive knowledge of life.” This makes it clear that anyone who deprives us of information for life is depriving us of happiness and joy of daily living.
All members of society, we must protest strongly if someone violates this basic human right. Leaving a child without education, is to take a high-risk condition, be exposed to suffer a range of conditions, facing serious difficulties in their life, and all this does not fulfill its ultimate goal, to achieve a higher human level wisdom with full quality of life and mental health.
Because the risk of cardiovascular disease doubles each time the systolic pressure increases by 20 mmHg and the diastolic pressure increased by 10 mmHg.
* Because controlling blood pressure reduces the risk of stroke by 35% to 40% and also reduces the risk of kidney disease, dementia and vision problems.
* Finally, because most people who adopt a healthy lifestyle will never hypertension.
* Measuring your blood pressure should be done once a year by a doctor (at your periodic health examination).
Basic preventive measures
Maintain a healthy weight. Ideally, combining exercise with good eating habits.
Be active. The practice of physical activity of moderate intensity for 30 to 60 minutes, four to seven times a week is recommended to prevent and treat cardiovascular disorders. In a study of over 6 000 men aged 35 to 60 years, those who walked 11 to 20 minutes per day were reduced by 12% their risk of hypertension compared to those who had marché6 not. Better yet, those who walked more than 20 minutes per day had reduced their risk by 30%.
Pay attention to signs of chronic stress. The relationship between stress and hypertension is complex. All indications however, that adrenaline is secreted under stress raises blood pressure because of its vasoconstrictor effect. When stress becomes chronic, it damages the long arteries and heart. It is important to understand the origin of stress in order to better control it.
Consume with moderation highly salted foods. Maintaining a proper balance between sodium intake (in salt content) and that of potassium (found in fruits and vegetables) is important for maintaining blood pressure within normal limits. A report sodium / potassium 1 / 5 would be ideal for maintaining good blood pressure. But the average American diet contains twice as much sodium as potassium8.
It is advised to limit sodium intake to no more than 2 300 mg day7. A good way to reduce their sodium intake is to avoid meats, sauces, chips, fast food and some canned foods – including soups, which are often very salty.
Ensure also eating foods rich in potassium. Cantaloupe, potatoes baked with the skin, winter squash, bananas and cooked spinach are excellent sources.
Consuming two to three meals of fatty fish per week. Omega-3 they contain provide cardiovascular protection, according to numerous studies (see description fish oils). Focus on fatty fish such as herring, mackerel, salmon, sardines and trout.
Eating fruits and vegetables in abundance. For their contribution beneficial dietary fiber, antioxidants and potassium.
Limit consumption of fat. To maintain cardiovascular health.
Moderate consumption of alcohol. It recommends a maximum of two drinks per day (two beers or two glasses of wine) for men and one drink per day for women. Some will be interested to abstain completely from alcohol.
In a person who is doing well, treatment of hypertension designed to prevent possible damage to organs in the coming years, as the heart, brain, kidneys or eyes. When these bodies are already suffering, treatment of hypertension is very important. In people with diabetes, treatment goals are higher because the risk of complications is increased.
In cases of mild hypertension, adopt lifestyles more healthy, as described below, is usually sufficient to normalize blood pressure.
In cases of moderate or advanced hypertension, adaptation of lifestyle will reduce the consumption of drugs. A comprehensive approach has an even greater effect on blood pressure than taking medication.
Several types of drugs obtained by prescription, can ensure adequate control of hypertension. Here are the most commonly used:
- Diuretics, which promote the elimination of excess water and salt through urine, there are several types that have different modes of action;
- Beta blockers, which reduce heart rate and force of blood ejection by the heart;
- Calcium channel blockers, which cause dilation of the arteries and reduce the cardiac stress;
- Inhibitors of the enzyme converting angiotensin, which also have an effect on arterial dilatation in countering the production of a hormone (angiotensin);
- Blockers of the angiotensin receptor, which like the previous class of drugs, prevent angiotensin tighten the opening of blood vessels, but by a different mechanism of action.
Standards management of hypertension in the British Hypertension Society supports the use of combination therapy (two or more medications), noting that “most patients require two or more medications to achieve the standards set 13.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is characterized by high blood pressure on the artery walls. In stressful situations or during physical exertion, it is normal blood pressure rises. In people with high blood pressure, tension remains high at all times, even at rest or in the absence of stress.
Hypertension is not a disease in itself. However, long term, it is an important risk factor:
* Heart failure: by imposing an additional workload on the heart, hypertension can cause depletion of the heart muscle;
* Of angina, myocardial infarction and stroke: high blood pressure means that the blood exerts greater pressure on the artery walls, making them fragile and increases the risk that the artery Hangs by atherosclerosis;
* Kidney problems (renal failure) and eyes (injury to the retina can lead to blindness): Again, due to the weakening of blood vessels.
Because hypertension usually presents no symptoms, a significant number of hypertensive patients are unaware of their condition – which is why it is nicknamed the “silent killer”.
According to the World Health Organization, 30% men and 50% of women aged 65 to 75 years suffer from hypertension. Nowadays, hypertension affects populations increasingly younger.
The types of hypertension and its causes
* The primary hypertension represents about 90% of cases. It depends on many factors related to age, heredity (especially for males) and harmful habits, the effects accumulate over the years. Obesity, inactivity, smoking, alcohol abuse, stress and too much salt diet contributes to hypertension.
A high intake of salt causes water retention. According to a survey conducted by Statistics Canada, over 85% of men and 60% of women have an intake of salt or sodium than the recommended upper limit of 2 300 mg per day1. See the complete table of the maximum tolerated sodium.
* Secondary hypertension may result from another health problem (a kidney problem or endocrine, congenital deformity of the aorta) or the frequent use of certain drugs. For example, nasal decongestants, because they contain ephedrine (a substance whose effect resembles that of adrenaline secreted under stress), anti-inflammatory, which create the retention of water and salt, and bronchodilators, which have a stimulating effect on the heart.
Before establishing a diagnosis of hypertension, doctors measure blood pressure several times during successive visits, as figures can vary significantly from one time to another. It is uncommon for tension rises significantly when a patient enters the doctor’s office, and tension begins to decrease when it emerges. This is called the “syndrome of the white coat.” To avoid this type of reaction, the doctor may suggest the patient to measure his own blood pressure at home using a monitor.
Once reliable values found, the doctor may diagnose a person whose pressure is equal to or greater than 140/90 suffers from hypertension. Note that people with diabetes or renal disease should ideally maintain a blood pressure that does not exceed 130/80.
The table of blood pressure levels corresponds to the following standards which determine the optimal blood pressure to 115/75 rather than 120/80. To our knowledge, this standard is currently practiced in North America and in Angleterre3-5. This classification applies to adults who do not take drugs to treat hypertension and does not suffer from diabetes or illness rénale2. In France, the optimum voltage is 120/80 (French Federation of Cardiology).
Level of blood pressure
Measurement of systolic pressure
Measurement of diastolic pressure
115 mmHg and 75 mmHg
less than 120 mmHg and less than 80 mmHg
120-139 mmHg or 80-89 mmHg
- Stage Light
140-159 mmHg or 90-99 mmHg
- Stadium moderate
160-179 mmHg or 100-109 mmHg
- Late Stage
180 mmHg or 110 mmHg
In the case where the measurement of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure are two different levels, the physician takes into account the level corresponding to the higher value for assessing the condition of blood pressure.
Understanding the measurement of blood pressure
Blood pressure consists of systolic and diastolic pressures, which are measured in millimeters of mercury or mmHg.
* Systolic pressure corresponds to the period of heart contraction and ejection of blood into the arteries. It ensures a supply of blood around the body.
* The diastolic pressure is the pressure exerted on the arteries between each pulse when the heart relaxes. It corresponds to the period of ventricular relaxation that allows the heart chambers to fill. This pressure tends to increase with age, but passed the sixties, it gradually decreases due to the weakening of blood vessels in the body.
Blood pressure depends on the amount of blood pumped by the heart and resistance in the arteries.
Hypertension is usually asymptomatic. However, a very high blood pressure (moderate or advanced stage) can cause the following symptoms:
* Headache accompanied by fatigue (these headaches are located in the neck and occur early in the morning);
* Dizziness or ringing in the ears;
* Confusion or sleepiness;
* Numbness or tingling in the feet and hands.
People at risk
* People over 55 years. Blood pressure tends to increase from that age.
* Among young adults, the percentage of hypertension is higher among men than women among those aged 55 to 64 years, the percentage is roughly the same in both sexes among persons over 64 years, the percentage is higher among women.
* Americans of African descent.
* Individuals with a family history of early hypertension.
* A diet high in salt and fat and low in potassium.
* Excessive consumption of alcohol.
* Physical inactivity.
* Regular consumption of black licorice or products containing black licorice as nonalcoholic pastis.